On this day in 1582, a new Gregorian calendar is instituted by Pope Gregory, changing this date to Oct. 15, and forcing the cancellation of numerous birthday parties across Europe. The new calendar features an engraving of a comely young duchess doing her best imitation of Lady Godiva. It sells out in two hours.

On this day in 1947, President Truman asks Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for the starving people of Europe. But, to substitute for meat and poultry, people eat more grain! The program is dropped.

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